This template creates a box containing between two and ten images, arranged either vertically or horizontally and with captions for the entire box or per image.

With the appropriate choice of parameters, the template can automatically resize images to a given total width with each image having the same height.

Be aware that this template does not respect users' default image size preferences. (Wikipedia:Image use policy states: "Except with very good reason, do not use px"... "which forces a fixed image width." MOS:IMGSIZE states that a fixed width in pixels may only be specified, "Where absolutely necessary.")[a]

If image size parameters are omitted, this template sets all images at 200px wide, regardless of whether the reader has set a preference for some other default image width. This causes multiple images to look out of scale to the other images in an article.

Syntax and parameters

Provide height[n] and total_width parameters to obtain automatic resizing. Note the different meanings of the width[n] parameters with vs. without automatic resizing. Please also note the option to set a total_width parameter at the beginning of the multiple image template.

Automatic resizing of all images to the same height and to a given total width
{{Multiple image|total_width = 600
<!-- Layout parameters -->
| align             = <!-- right (default), left, center, none --> 
| direction         = <!-- horizontal (default), vertical -->
| background color  = <!-- box background as a 'hex triplet' web color prefixed by # e.g. #33CC00 -->
| width             = <!-- displayed width of each image in pixels (an integer, omit "px" suffix); overrides "width[n]"s below -->
| caption_align     = <!-- left (default), center, right --> 
| image_style       = <!-- border:1; (default) -->
| image_gap         = <!-- 5 (default)-->

<!-- Header -->
| header_background = <!-- header background as a 'hex triplet' web color prefixed by # e.g. #33CC00 -->
| header_align      = <!-- center (default), left, right -->
| header            = <!-- header text -->

<!--image 1-->
| image1            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
| width1            = <!-- displayed width of image; overridden by "width" above -->
| alt1              = 
| link1             = 
| thumbtime1        =
| caption1          = 
<!--image 2-->
| image2            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
| width2            = <!-- displayed width of image; overridden by "width" above -->
| alt2              = 
| link2             = 
| thumbtime2        =
| caption2          = 
<!-- and so on, to a maximum of 10 images (image10) -->

<!-- Footer -->
| footer_background = <!-- footer background as a 'hex triplet' web color prefixed by # e.g. #33CC00 -->
| footer_align      = <!-- left (default), center, right -->
| footer            = <!-- footer text -->
}}
No automatic resizing of all images to the same height
{{multiple image
<!-- Layout parameters -->
 | align             = <!-- right (default), left, center, none --> 
 | direction         = <!-- horizontal (default), vertical -->
 | background color  = <!-- box background -->
 | total_width       = <!-- total width of all the displayed images in pixels (an integer, omit "px" suffix) -->
 | caption_align     = <!-- left (default), center, right --> 

<!-- Header -->
 | header_background = 
 | header_align      = <!-- center (default), left, right -->
 | header            = 

<!--image 1-->
 | image1            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | alt1              = 
 | link1             = 
 | thumbtime1        =
 | caption1          = 
<!--image 2-->
 | image2            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | alt2              = 
 | link2             = 
 | thumbtime2        =
 | caption2          = 
<!-- and so on, to a maximum of 10 images (image10) -->

<!-- Footer -->
 | footer_background = 
 | footer_align      = <!-- left (default), center, right -->
 | footer            = 
}}
Parameter Description
align right (default), left, center
direction horizontal (default), vertical
background color To set the background color of the box in which the images appear.
header_background
header_align center (default), left, right
header
width Use to set the same width for each image (i.e. overrides any width[n] below). Do not include if different image widths intended, including if images are to be resized to a fixed total width.
total_width Use to scale the images to the same height and this total width. Do not use both total_width and width.
image[n] (where [n] = 1 to 10)  Filename of [n]th image.
width[n] (as above)  Two meanings: (1) The width (in pixels, integer, omit "px") of [n]th image. Overridden by width (if set). (2) The full width of the original [n]th image if total_width is given in order to resize all images to the same height and a given total width.
height[n] (as above)  The full height of the original [n]th image if total_width is given in order to resize all images to the same height and a given total width. Ignored otherwise.
alt[n] (as above)  Alt description for [n]th image.
link[n] (as above)  The page linked to the [n]th image (i.e. the page that is loaded when the image is clicked).
  • If this parameter is omitted altogether, the image will link to its image description page as usual (this is by far the most common usage case).
  • If this parameter is present but left empty (i.e. ...|link1= |...), the image will not link to anything – this should be the case only for purely decorative images per WP:ALT.
  • Important: If the image is under a free license (such as the GDFL or a free CC license), the terms of such license require the license, or a link to it, to be reproduced with the image. The image must, therefore, link to its image description page, which can be achieved simply by omitting the link[n] parameter from the template as mentioned. Public domain and (theoretically) non-free use images are not subject to this restriction.
thumbtime[n] (as above)  When using video files, sets the time within the video that is used for the initial display. This is either a number of seconds or hours:minutes:seconds; see commons:Commons:Video#Setting a video thumbnail image.
caption[n] (as above)  Caption for the [n]th image.
caption_align left (default), center, right
footer_background
footer_align left (default), center, right
footer Caption that spans the entire box, as opposed to individual images. Avoid "left" and "right" if possible, since mobile devices may display the images vertically.

Examples

Yellow cartouche
Red cartouche
Players are cautioned with a yellow card and sent off with a red card.
{{multiple image
 | width = 60
 | image1 = Yellow card.svg
 | alt1 = Yellow cartouche
 | image2 = Red card.svg
 | alt2 = Red cartouche
 | footer = Players are cautioned with a yellow card and sent off with a red card.
}}
PNG transparency demonstration
Colored dice with white background
A PNG image with an 8-bit transparency layer...
Colored dice with checkered background
...here overlaying a checkered background.
{{multiple image
 | align = left
 | direction = vertical
 | width = 200
 | header = [[Portable Network Graphics|PNG]] transparency demonstration
 | image1 = PNG transparency demonstration 1.png
 | alt1 = Colored dice with white background
 | caption1 = A PNG image with an 8-bit transparency layer...
 | image2 = PNG transparency demonstration 2.png
 | alt2 = Colored dice with checkered background
 | caption2 = ...here overlaying a checkered background.
}}
2
3
4
When a user has many of one type of barnstar, they can represent them with ribbons and these numerals to indicate the count.
{{multiple image
 | width = 60
 | image1=Ribbon numeral 2.png | alt1=2
 | image2=Ribbon numeral 3.png | alt2=3
 | image3=Ribbon numeral 4.png | alt3=4
 | footer = When a user has many of one type of [[WP:BARN|barnstar]], they can represent them with [[WP:RIBBON|ribbons]] and these numerals to indicate the count.
}}

With background color

Green herb with a few tiny yellow-white flowers
Three small white and yellow flowers before green-leaf background
Leaves of a plant, in groups of three each with three lobes
Adoxa (Adoxa moschatellina)
{{multiple image
 | background color = #BBDD99
 | width = 160
 | image1 = Adoxa_moschatellina_210406.jpg
 | alt1 = Green herb with a few tiny yellow-white flowers
 | image2 = Adoxa_moschatellina_210406a.jpg
 | alt2 = Three small white and yellow flowers before green-leaf background
 | image3 = adoxa_moschatellina_blatt.jpeg
 | alt3 = Leaves of a plant, in groups of three each with three lobes
 | footer_background = #33CC00
 | footer_align = center
 | footer = [[Adoxa]] (''Adoxa moschatellina'')
}}

If the images have a clear background, this will by default be changed to white. To make the background color of the images match, set them with image_style=background-color. You might want to also remove the border.

{{multiple image 
| align = center 
| width = 64 
| background color = black 
| image_style=background-color:black; border:none;
| image1 = Aries symbol (planetary color).svg|link1=Aries (astrology)
| image2 = Taurus symbol (planetary color).svg|link2=Taurus (astrology)
| image3 = Gemini symbol (planetary color).svg|link3=Gemini (astrology)
| image4 = Leo symbol (planetary color).svg|link4=Leo (astrology)
}}

With links (link[n])

A mule
A mule
(骡子 luózi)
A donkey
A donkey
(驴子 lǘzi)
A trout
A fish
( )
The image of the mule links to Mule; the image of the donkey does not link anywhere; the image of the trout links to a standard image description page.
{{multiple image
 | align = left

 | image1 = Frecklesmule.jpg
 | width1 = 143
 | alt1 = A mule
 | link1 = Mule
 | caption1 = A mule<br />(骡子 ''luózi'')

 | image2 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | width2 = 150
 | alt2 = A donkey
 | link2 = 
 | caption2  = A donkey<br />(驴子 ''lǘzi'')

 | image3 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | width3 = 91
 | alt3 = A trout
 | caption3  = A fish<br />({{lang|zh|2=鱼}} '''')

 | footer = The image of the mule links to [[Mule]]; the image of the donkey does not link anywhere; the image of the trout links to a [[Image description page|standard image description page]].
}}

Using direction

By default, the images the template presents are displayed horizontally, as a row (see left; equivalent to setting |direction=horizontal). To display them vertically, i.e. as a column, set |direction=vertical (see right).

(horizontal)
(vertical)

On mobile devices some images may always be displayed vertically if the total width is larger than around 320.

To match image heights

  • Decide on a total width for all the images, say 320px
  • Set the total width using |total_width=
A donkey
Rectangular image of a donkey, originally 536 pixels high.
A trout
Square image of a trout, originally 300 pixels high.
Both images have been rendered with the same height, and a total width of 320px
{{multiple image
 | align = right
 | total_width = 320

 | image1 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | alt1 = A donkey
 | caption1 = Rectangular image of a donkey, originally 536 pixels high.

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | alt2 = A trout
 | caption2 = Square image of a trout, originally 300 pixels high.

 | footer = Both images have been rendered with the same height, and a total width of 320px
}}
Using the width[n]= and height[n]= parameters.
Square image of a trout, originally 300 x 300 pixels.
width2 x height2 = 900 x 900.
width3 x height3 = 100 x 200.
width4 x height4 = 200 x 100.
All images have been rendered with the same height except for image3, which is 100/200 = 1/2 the height of the other images. Image4 is 200/100 = 2 times the height of image1, so only its top half is visible. Total width set to 480px.
{{multiple image
 | align = right
 | total_width = 480

 | image1 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | caption1 = Square image of a trout, originally 300 x 300 pixels.

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | width2 = 900
 | height2 = 900
 | caption2 = <code>width2</code> x <code>height2</code> = 900 x 900.
 
 | image3 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | width3 = 100
 | height3 = 200
 | caption3 = <code>width3</code> x <code>height3</code> = 100 x 200.
 
 | image4 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | width4 = 200
 | height4 = 100
 | caption4 = <code>width4</code> x <code>height4</code> = 200 x 100.
 
 | footer = All images have been rendered with the same height except for image3, which is 100/200 = 1/2 the height of the other images. Image4 is 200/100 = 2 times the height of image1, so only its top half is visible. Total width set to 480px.
}}

The aspect ratio of each image is automatically retrieved from the File metadata. You can override the native width and height values by

  • Examining the individual image pages to obtain the full resolution. For example:
  • Specify the full width and height for each image, of the form:
    • |width1= |height1= |width2= |height2=

Multiple rows

To create an array of images, with multiple rows, use |perrow=. The value passed to |perrow= may be a single number, or a list of numbers delimited by /. This feature may also be combined with |total_width= for multiple rows of images with the same total width.

Surveying Equipment. Clockwise from upper left: Optical Theodolite, Robotic total station, Optical level, RTK GPS Base station.
{{multiple image|perrow = 2|total_width=300
| image1 = Kern_Theodolit_DKM2-A.jpg
| image2 = Total-Robotic-Station.jpg
| image3 = DumpyLevel.jpg
| image4 = GPS_Survey_Equipment_at_Weir_Dyke_Bridge_-_geograph.org.uk_-_336908.jpg
| footer = Surveying Equipment. Clockwise from upper left: Optical Theodolite, Robotic total station, Optical level, [[Real-time kinematic | RTK]] GPS Base station.
}}

Removing the image border

The border around the images can be removed using |image_style=border:none.

A donkey
Image of a donkey
A trout
Image of a trout
{{multiple image
 | align = right
 | total_width = 320
 | image_style = border:none;

 | image1 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | alt1 = A donkey
 | caption1 = Image of a donkey

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | alt2 = A trout
 | caption2 = Image of a trout
}}

Increasing the gap between images

The gap between the images can be increased using |image_gap=N, where N is the number of pixels (must be non-negative).

A donkey
Image of a donkey
A trout
Image of a trout
{{multiple image
 | align = right
 | total_width = 320
 | image_gap = 20

 | image1 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | alt1 = A donkey
 | caption1 = Image of a donkey

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | alt2 = A trout
 | caption2 = Image of a trout
}}

TemplateData

This is the TemplateData for this template used by TemplateWizard, VisualEditor and other tools. Click here to see a monthly parameter usage report for this template based on this TemplateData.

TemplateData for Multiple image

This template creates a box with two to ten images arranged vertically or horizontally with captions for the entire box and each image.

Template parameters

This template has custom formatting.

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
Alignmentalign

Sets text-wrapping around image box, where "none" places the box on the left edge with no text-wrapping, "center" places the box at center with no text-wrapping and "left" and "right" refer to position of box on screen with text-wrapping.

Suggested values
left center right none
Default
right
Example
left/right/center/none
Stringoptional
Directiondirection

Direction in which to tile the images.

Suggested values
horizontal vertical
Default
horizontal
Example
horizontal/vertical
Stringsuggested
Frame widthtotal_width

Use to scale the images to the same height and this total width. Do not use both total_width and width. Integer width in pixels; no "px" suffix

Example
400
Numbersuggested
Row layoutperrow

Create an array of images, with multiple rows. The value passed to may be a single number or a list of numbers with each row delimited by /. Can be combined with total_width for automatic sizing of images.

Example
1 / 2 / 1
Stringoptional
Image widthwidth

Width overrides Width 1, Width 2, Width 3, etc. If you want the images to be different sizes, do not provide the width parameter. Integer width in pixels; no "px" suffix

Example
200
Numberoptional
Background colorbackground color

Defines the background color between the border of the box and the images. Changing the background can be bad for accessibility, avoid when possible.

Example
#EEFFGG or red
Stringoptional
Caption alignmentcaption_align

no description

Suggested values
left center right
Default
left
Example
left/right/center
Stringoptional
Image 1image1

Image 1 is name of first image. Similarly for Image 2, etc. File name only; no "File:" or "Image:" prefix.

Example
example.jpg
Filerequired
Width 1width1

Width 1 is width of first image. Similarly for Width 2, etc.

Numberoptional
Alt text 1alt1

The [[alt text]] of first image (see [[WP:ALT]]). Similarly for Alt text 2, etc.

Linesuggested
Caption 1caption1

Caption 1 is caption of first image. Similarly for Caption 2, etc.

Contentsuggested
Link 1link1

Where the first page links to. Similarly for Link 2, etc. If not specified, image links to the image description page as usual. If specified to the empty value, the image does not link anywhere; this should be used for purely decorative images as per [[WP:ALT]]. Important: If the image is under a free license like the GFDL or a CC license, you must not use this parameter as the terms of those licenses require the license, or a link to it, to be reproduced with the image. The image must, therefore, link to its image page. Public domain and (theoretically) non-free use images are not subject to this restriction.

Page nameoptional
Thumbtime 1thumbtime1

If image1 is an Ogg Theora file, sets the time within the video that is used for the initial display. Either a number of seconds or hours:minutes:seconds. Similarly for Thumb time 2, etc.

Stringoptional
Image 2image2

no description

Example
example.jpg
Filesuggested
Width 2width2

no description

Numberoptional
Alt text 2alt2

no description

Linesuggested
Caption 2caption2

no description

Contentsuggested
Link 2link2

no description

Page nameoptional
Thumbtime 2thumbtime2

no description

Stringoptional
Image 3image3

no description

Example
example.jpg
Fileoptional
Width 3width3

no description

Numberoptional
Alt text 3alt3

no description

Lineoptional
Caption 3caption3

no description

Contentoptional
Link 3link3

no description

Page nameoptional
Thumbtime 3thumbtime3

no description

Stringoptional
Image 4image4

no description

Example
example.jpg
Fileoptional
Width 4width4

no description

Numberoptional
Alt text 4alt4

no description

Lineoptional
Caption 4caption4

no description

Contentoptional
Link 4link4

no description

Page nameoptional
Thumbtime 4thumbtime4

no description

Stringoptional
Image 5image5

no description

Example
example.jpg
Fileoptional
Width 5width5

no description

Numberoptional
Alt text 5alt5

no description

Lineoptional
Caption 5caption5

no description

Contentoptional
Link 5link5

no description

Page nameoptional
Thumbtime 5thumbtime5

no description

Stringoptional
Image 6image6

no description

Example
example.jpg
Fileoptional
Width 6width6

no description

Numberoptional
Alt text 6alt6

no description

Lineoptional
Caption 6caption6

no description

Contentoptional
Link 6link6

no description

Page nameoptional
Thumbtime 6thumbtime6

no description

Stringoptional
Image 7image7

no description

Example
example.jpg
Fileoptional
Width 7width7

no description

Numberoptional
Alt text 7alt7

no description

Lineoptional
Caption 7caption7

no description

Contentoptional
Link 7link7

no description

Page nameoptional
Thumbtime 7thumbtime7

no description

Stringoptional
Image 8image8

no description

Example
example.jpg
Fileoptional
Width 8width8

no description

Numberoptional
Alt text 8alt8

no description

Lineoptional
Caption 8caption8

no description

Contentoptional
Link 8link8

no description

Page nameoptional
Thumbtime 8thumbtime8

no description

Stringoptional
Image 9image9

no description

Example
example.jpg
Fileoptional
Width 9width9

no description

Numberoptional
Alt text 9alt9

no description

Lineoptional
Caption 9caption9

no description

Contentoptional
Link 9link9

no description

Page nameoptional
Thumbtime 9thumbtime9

no description

Stringoptional
Image 10image10

no description

Example
example.jpg
Fileoptional
Width 10width10

no description

Numberoptional
Alt text 10alt10

no description

Lineoptional
Caption 10caption10

no description

Contentoptional
Link 10link10

no description

Page nameoptional
Thumbtime 10thumbtime10

no description

Stringoptional
Image gapimage_gap

Override the distance between adjacent images. Integer width in pixels; no "px" suffix

Default
5
Example
20
Numberoptional
Image styleimage_style

Override the default styling of the image frame.

Stringoptional
Headerheader

A header text to place above the entire frame.

Contentoptional
Header backgroundheader_background

Defines the background color of the header field. Changing the background can be bad for accessibility, avoid when possible

Example
#EEFFGG or red
Stringoptional
Header alignmentheader_align

no description

Default
center
Example
left/right/center
Stringoptional
Footerfooter

Caption that spans the entire box, as opposed to individual images. Avoid "left" and "right" if possible, since mobile devices may display the images vertically.

Contentoptional
Footer backgroundfooter_background

Defines the background color of the footer field. Changing the background can be bad for accessibility, avoid when possible

Example
#EEFFGG or red
Stringoptional
Footer alignmentfooter_align

no description

Suggested values
left center right
Default
left
Example
left/right/center
Stringoptional
Alignment within an Infoboxborder

no description

Example
infobox
Unknownoptional

Tracking categories

Notes

  1. The |upright= parameter can only be used to relatively-size an image when using the |thumb= parameter, and this template needs to format images without thumbs, so it has no easy way to access the Wikimedia relative-sizing machinery.

See also